An allegation of a test security violation may be the product of a reported allegation, OSSE monitoring and auditing, or through OSSE’s test integrity review. In the summer and fall following the spring administration, OSSE will conduct an analysis of the test results to ensure their integrity. This may include, but is not limited to, an analysis of student erasures, unusual patterns or gains in student performance, student-level multiple choice and constructed response answers, other forensic statistical measures of data patterns, an analysis of incidents reported, and audits of missing materials.
OSSE will review every allegation of test security violation to determine the appropriate course of action. In determining the severity of a violation, there are three overriding questions:
- did the violation lead to a breach of test item(s) security;
- did the violation affect the validity of any student performance and resulting scores; and
- was the violation deliberate; is there evidence of academic fraud?
OSSE will categorize the testing irregularity or security violation into one of three violation categories (i.e., no findings, minor, moderate, or critical) according to the severity of the violation and its possible consequences and take the necessary steps below as warranted.